|1.||1. RESIST (ongoing project)|
The main purpose of the RESIST project (Resilience Support for critical Infrastructures through Standardized Training on CBRN) is to train the critical infrastructure personnel, based on a standardized program and to establish the necessary equipment for intervention in certain events (accidents, malicious events etc.) in which the presence of CBRNe (chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosive) agents is ascertained.
Within the specific activities of this project the transfer of the CBRNe competences will be made to operators of ten critical pilot infrastructures, public and private entities, for ensuring a response and an efficient interaction in cases of CBRN events.
|The advent of Social Networks has made both companies and public bodies tremendously exposed to the so-called Social Engineering 2.0, and thus prone to targeted cyber-attacks. Unfortunately, there is currently no solution available on the market that allows neither the comprehensive assessment of Social Vulnerabilities nor the management and reduction of the associated risk.|
DOGANA aims to fill this gap by developing a framework that delivers "aDvanced sOcial enGineering And vulNerability Assessment". DOGANA delivers a complete toolset to detect and prevent social-engineering cyber-attacks at 4 levels:
|The ELIPTIC project focuses on the use of existing electric public transport systems (including light rail, metro, tram and trolleybus) for the electrification of multimodal mobility approaches in the urban and sub-urban context. By integrating existing electric public transport infrastructure for multi-purpose use, it demonstrates that the further take-up of electric vehicles can be done in a cost-efficient way. The ELIPTIC project’s main objective is to show how costs and energy can be saved by electrifying public transport and optimising the use of existing infrastructure and rolling stock. It is being achieved through developing new and innovative use concepts within three thematic pillars:
|The ZeEUS consortium represent the entire stakeholder spectrum: public transport authorities and operators, bus manufacturers, industry suppliers, energy providers, national and international associations, research centres and consultancies.
Moreover, the ZeEUS project closely follows the development of electric bus systems all around the world through the ZeEUS Observatory. Selected Observed and Monitored Demonstrations directly contribute to some of the ZeEUS core activities and strategic outputs.
ZeEUS, the Zero Emission Urban Bus System, aims to be the main EU activity to extend the fully-electric solution to the core part of the urban bus network. It fits within the context of the European Commission’s objective to create a competitive and sustainable transport system. To achieve its mission, ZeEUS is testing innovative electric bus technologies with different charging infrastructure solutions in ten demonstration sites across Europe. Thanks to varied geographical and topographical characteristics, the ZeEUS demonstrations validate economic, environmental and societal viability of the electric solutions.
|”Rail Hub Cities for South East Europe - RAIL4SEE” project, co-funded by the European Union under the South East Europe Transnational Cooperation Programme, started in May 2012 and has a duration of 30 months. The consortium consists of 27 partners (research centres, national and local public authorities, transport authorities, local and regional development authorities, NGOs, etc.) from 10 European states (Italy, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Greece, Bulgaria, Slovenia, Serbia, Croatia and Romania), coordinated by the Lead Partner “Province of Bologna”. The RAIL4SEE project involves 11 major hub cities (Bologna, Venice, Trieste, Ljubljana, Vienna, Bratislava, Budapest, Thessaloniki, Sofia, Zagreb and Bucharest) from 9 countries in South East Europe, which cover the main transnational transport corridors (E-W and N-S). The project results will constitute the starting point for future development and investment policies. The project challenge is the development of models, concepts, measures, harmonised strategies and policy actions targeted to the improvement of rail passenger transport and multimodal integration of local/city transport networks, regional transport systems and transnational transport axes in SEE.|
|SECUR-ED, Secured Urban Transportation - European Demonstration, co-funded by the European Commission under the 7th Framework Programme and coordinated by THALES SECURITY SOLUTIONS & SERVICES SAS, is one of the largest surface transport collaborative projects undertaken by the European Union. The consortium consists of 40 partners from 13 countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Turkey, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Norway, Finland and Israel) including transport operators and public transport authorities, research centres, universities and companies specialised in security systems, international transport associations, consultancy companies, the supply industry and 2 leading European mass transportation vehicles and infrastructure manufacturers. Among them we mention: Alstom, Ansaldo, Bombardier, Fraunhofer, Deutsche Bahn, C.R.T.M., T.C.D.D., R.A.T.P., S.N.C.F., S.T.I.B., U.I.T.P., NICE Systems, Edisoft S.A., Technical University Dresden, E.M.E.F., J.R.C-E.C. The duration of the project is 42 months. The main objective of the SECUR-ED project is to give transport operators of large and medium cities of Europe the means to enhance urban transport security.|
|7.||EBSF (European Bus System of the Future)|
|EBSF, the European Bus System of the Future project, co-funded by the European Commission under the 7th Framework Programme for R&D and coordinated by the International Association of Public Transport (UITP), is one of the largest surface transport R&D projects ever undertaken by the European Union. The consortium consists of 47 partners from 11 European countries (Belgium, France. Germany, Italy, UK, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden and Hungary) including transport operators and public transport authorities, research centres and universities, national transport associations, consultancy firms, the supply industry, and five leading European bus manufacturers (EVOBUS GmbH - Daimler Chrysler AG, Irisbus Iveco, MAN – MAN Nutzfahrzeuge Gruppe, Scania, Volvo). The project has a duration of 48 months. EBSF is conceived as a driver to increase the attractiveness and raise the image of bus systems in urban areas, by means of developing new vehicles and infrastructure technologies in combination with operational best practices, in an overall approach of the urban bus system.|
|ISSTE (Improving safety and security in public surface transport), co-funded by the European Commission within the Lifelong Learning - Leonardo da Vinci 2007 Programme and coordinated by ATAC S.p.A (formerly TRAMBUS SPA ROMA), aimed as the main priorities the decrease of the number of incidents and fatalities in which the surface public transport is involved by establishing the best vocational training and curricula development procedures for human resources that are responsible for delivering the transport services. The project started in November 2007 and lasted for 29 months. The Consortium was formed by 8 partners from 6 European countries: ATAC S.p.A (Trambus SPA Roma) and IDEA Campobasso from Italy, RATB and University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest from Romania, Second Chance Association from Bulgaria, WPS Training AG Dresden from Germany, The Association of Driving Schools in the Slovak Republic from Presov, Slovakia and Initiatives of Training Project from Spain.|
|SPICYCLES (Innnovation for Sustainable Planning & Bicycles). Cycling, as a means of transport for daily commuting, is recognized for its positive impact on the cities: improves environmental performance indicators by reducing pollutant emissions, enhances road safety and helps traffic management, supports equity and accessibility, thus improving the quality of life. Despite its many advantages, cycling is still not used as much as it should, and its importance is usually underestimated in national and / or local transport policies. The project claimed that the minor role played by the bike in the transport systems is a consequence of both technical and political reasons. SPICYCLES demonstrated that the use of bicycles in European cities could be improved (even with the different geographic, climatic and culture characteristics), and by creating specific facilities the number of public transport users was increased. SPICYCLES aimed to support and stimulate the activity of the six involved cities (Barcelona, Berlin, Bucharest, Goteborg, Ploiesti and Rome), following an efficient work plan and relying on an extensive participation. The project lasted three years and was funded within the "Intelligent Energy - Europe" Programme.|
|The COMMERCE project (Creating Optimal Mobility Measures to Enable Reduced Commuter Emissions) was financed by European Commission within the „Intelligent Energy - Europe” Programme and had the following partners: London, Paris, Budapest, Kaunas, Plovdiv and Bucharest. The project was covering 3 years. COMMERCE’s objective was to work with businesses in the EU, to reduce the harmful environmental effects of unnecessary car use on the journey to work. Excessive CO2 emissions are having a negative impact on the quality of life for those who live and work in cities and towns, and COMMERCE addressed this through Workplace Travel Plans with the following specific objectives: set EU standards for Workplace Travel Plans and promote these via the creation of a European Platform on Workplace Travel Plans and the Pan-European Workplace Travel Plan Awards; promote Workplace Travel Plans in the 6 COMMERCE cities to employers via active programme of recruitment and to municipalities through training; standardise existing Workplace Travel Planning arrangements in London and Paris, and establish a Workplace Travel Plan Forum with a 3 year programme in 4 new Member State cities. The COMMERCE project (Creating Optimal Mobility Measures to Enable Reduced Commuter Emissions) was financed by European Commission within the „Intelligent Energy - Europe” Programme and had the following partners: London, Paris, Budapest, Kaunas, Plovdiv and Bucharest. The project was covering 3 years. COMMERCE’s objective was to work with businesses in the EU, to reduce the harmful environmental effects of unnecessary car use on the journey to work. Excessive CO2 emissions are having a negative impact on the quality of life for those who live and work in cities and towns, and COMMERCE addressed this through Workplace Travel Plans with the following specific objectives: set EU standards for Workplace Travel Plans and promote these via the creation of a European Platform on Workplace Travel Plans and the Pan-European Workplace Travel Plan Awards; promote Workplace Travel Plans in the 6 COMMERCE cities to employers via active programme of recruitment and to municipalities through training; standardise existing Workplace Travel Planning arrangements in London and Paris, and establish a Workplace Travel Plan Forum with a 3 year programme in 4 new Member State cities.|
|The CIVITAS CATALIST (CIVITAS Transfer Action Leading to Innovation & Sustainable Transport) project was a continuation of the CIVITAS Initiative and aimed to ensure that the experiences of this Initiative are exploited up to a maximum level. The Consortium was constituted by 23 partners from Austria, Germany, France, Italy, Lithuania, Great Britain, The Netherlands, Poland, Romania and Sweden and covered 60 months. A synthesis of the main objectives can be presented as follows: consolidate, validate and deepen the knowledge of the wider impacts of CIVITAS through an integrated assessment of the CIVITAS measures; promote the results of CIVITAS through a continuing knowledge transfer process; increase the visibility of the CIVITAS policies to the external world of target groups, primarily citizens, institutions, scientists and industry, using innovative means for dissemination and easy to grasp language; maintain and expand the networks for information exchange, extensively resorting to the vast net of alliances available to the project, facilitating and building new alliances, with the ambition to extend the possibility of concrete policy uptake.|
|In response to the unsatisfying recognition of the young generations views on matters relating to its future YOUTH Project (Overhauls Youngsters today’s Urban Transport Habits) addressed a topical issue for the younger generation, namely: urban transport problems from the perspective of the energy crisis and environmental issues. YOUTH intended to promote a culture participative policy development in European cities. Young people have something to say about reusing resources and energy efficiency in transport. Within the project activities they participated with concrete ideas and recommendations for local transport policies and urban development in four European cities: Berlin, Bucharest, Gdynia and Rotterdam. YOUTH aimed to change the urban transport habits and mobility behaviour of youngsters and tried to involve them as promoters and messengers for reusable resources and energy efficiency (sustainable energy use) within the community. YOUTH focused also on politicians and those who worked in local administration and tried to get them to involve young people in the development of transport policies and to integrate their feedback in the decision making process. The project was developed between 2007 and 2009 and was funded within the Intelligent Energy-Europe Programme (IEE).|
|ECLIPSE project (European Cooperation and Learning Implement Transport Solutions to Combat Exclusion) was funded by the European Commission within the frame of the Community Action Programme to Combat Social Exclusion 2002 - 2006. The consortium included TTR (England), RATB, POLIS, Merseytravel (England) and FIT Consulting (Italy). The project aimed to demonstrate that an integrated transport policy and close collaboration with "social agents" could encourage a better social integration. The project lasted 2 years.|
|14.||THE URBAN TRANSPORT BENCHMARKING INITIAIVE|
|THE URBAN TRANSPORT BENCHMARKING INITIAIVE - The European Commission's Urban Transport Benchmarking Initiative was a three year project that concluded in August 2006. This unique project benchmarked different aspects of 45 participating European Cities’ transport systems, with themed working groups each researching individual urban transport topics in great depth. By exploring and comparing best practice examples of urban transport delivery in cities across Europe, the initiative has enabled a greater understanding of how to make urban transport strategies work more effectively.|
|BESTRANS (BEnchmarking of Energy and EmiSsion Performance in Urban Public TRANSport Operations) was a project that aimed to develop a methodology for internal and external benchmarking, especially for energy consumption and polluting emissions in the urban public transport domain and to carry out a benchmarking exercise with the attendance of the public transport operators from all over Europe. The synthesis of the project's results has become a valuable promotional tool, together with the benchmarking guide issued at the end of the project.|
|MOSES (MObility SErvices for Urban Sustainability) was conceived in order to develop new mobility services by reducing car dependency on a European scale, without any mobility and access restrictions. The developing economies of the East-European countries are characterized by a fast growth of the air pollution in urban areas, caused mainly by the increased number of cars. In this regard, car sharing could be a mobility solution that has already proved its positive impact both on the environment and on citizens' lifestyle alike. MOSES was a project that studied the possibility to develop the car sharing concept in West European countries such as Germany, United Kingdom, Sweden, Belgium and Italy but in Romania as well, thus being the first East-European country interested in implementing the system. The project's outcomes were disseminated throughout all East-European countries for a better implementation of the new mobility solutions. The project duration was 2.5 years.|
|TELLUS (Transport & Environment aLLiance for Urban Sustainability) project, under the umbrella of the CIVITAS Initiative, brought together five European cities which wanted to demonstrate that integrated urban transport policies can improve the traffic: Rotterdam (The Netherlands), Berlin (Germany), Bucharest (Romania), Gdynia (Poland) and Goteborg (Sweden). TELLUS aimed at increasing the modal share in favour of public transport. TELLUS produced clear recommendations for the modernisation of the organisational and financial frameworks for future urban public transport in Europe. In order to reach a maximum improvement of future transport policies across Europe, TELLUS performed integrated evaluations of all its initiatives showing the impacts on the quality of life, air quality, noise pollution, the modal split, congestion, energy use, land use and the attractiveness of public transport. The project started in February 2002 and concluded in January 2006.|
|TOSCA (Technological and Operational Support for Car shAring) was a research project in the transport domain, financed by EU within the Fifth Framework programme, which studied the car sharing concept. The goal of the project was the promotion of up-to-date technologies insufficiently exploited, as well the implementation and integration of the car-sharing concept, as an important element of door-to-door services. The European experience in the field was used in order to fulfil the objectives of the project. RATB studied the possibility to implement the car sharing system in Bucharest by carrying out a qualitative and quantitative research and a feasibility study.|
|DANTE (Designs to Avoid the Need to Travel in Europe) was an 18-month research project having a consortium set up by representatives from 6 European countries. The consortium made a summary of the data from the transport domain obtained at local and national levels in order to determine the latest tendencies in transport behaviour, and particularly to identify those journeys that are the most important factors for general mobility. This can create an evaluation framework which could provide more information to the decision-makers in urban and regional transportation in order to set up the most suitable strategies to avoid the need to travel. A Good Practice Guide was the outcome of the project which summarised those strategies designed to avoid the need for travel.|
|CAPTURE (CArs to Public Transport in URban Environment) was a 3-year research project financed by EU which assessed the implementation of 11demonstrations designed to influence the modal shift (from cars to public transport). The studied measures included the improvements of the mobility on the main roads especially in the city centres. All these measures were designed to influence the modal shift. The public transport operators and consultants from London, Manchester and Oxford (United Kingdom), Tampere (Finland), Rome, Orvieto (Italy), Copenhagen (Denmark) and Bucharest (Romania) were part of this consortium. The project's results were presented within the final conference held in Bucharest with a large international attendance.|